Why was there an explosion of life during the Cambrian Period?

The Cambrian Period marks an important point in the history of life on Earth. It is the time when most of the major groups of animals first appear in the fossil record. This event is sometimes called the ‘Cambrian Explosion’, because of the relatively short time over which many life forms appeared. Many reasons have been suggested for this explosion. The first is that the increase in oxygen levels in the atmosphere led to the evolution of more complex body structures. Moreover, many species became extinct at the end of the Vendian Period, and this allowed new life forms to develop. It is also thought that a change in the ocean chemistry made possible the development of hard body parts such as teeth and skeletons. Animals could now swim, burrow, defend themselves, hide, and hunt. However, the sea was still the centre of activity.