When was the Thirty Years’ War?

The last and biggest religious war began in Germany in 1618 and continued until 1648. This very messy conflict became known as the Thirty Years’ War.

The war started in a dramatic way. Protestants in Bohemia (now part of the Czech Republic) were angry with their new king, Ferdinand. He was a member of the powerful Spanish Habsburg family, and wanted to restore Bohemia to the Catholic faith. The Protestants banded together and threw some Catholic officials from the upstairs window in Prague Castle.

The incident sparked off a civil war in Bohemia. In 1619 the rebels expelled Ferdinand and chose a new king, the Protestant Frederick.

Fact File:

When the Protestant threw the Catholic officials out of the window of Prague Castle, it became known as the ‘Defenestration of Prague’.


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