The birth of a new order in Russia was not just something that happened within the borders of that country: it affected the whole world and redrew the world map.

In 1922, Russia signed a treaty along with its neighbouring countries Ukraine, Belarus, Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia and formed the Soviet Socialist Republics, chaired by Lenin. The organisation then grew to include 15 Soviet Republics, forming a mammoth nation with a long name, the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R). It was nothing like the world had ever seen. The world’s first and biggest communist state, it stood up against the capitalist West as the face of Communism.

The U.S.S.R was totally controlled by the Communist Party. The largest country while it existed, it was spread across more than 22.4 million square kilometres and covered a distance of 10,900 kilometres from the Baltic Sea in the west to the Pacific Ocean in the east. More than a hundred distinct nationalities were included in the USSR, the majority of the population made up of East Slavs. Its capital was Moscow and the official language, Russian. It also had other languages like Ukrainian, Georgian, Kasakh, Armenian and Azerbaijani. The USSR was an atheistic nation and owed no allegiance to any religion.

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