What are the popular textiles of India?


Did you know that India has a rich textile tradition that dates back to the Indus Valley Civilisation? Cotton was the earliest fibre used. Over time, cotton, silk and other fibres became the raw materials for our textiles. The country boasts a diverse and vibrant textile industry. Here we take a look at some of the textiles of India.

ERI SILK-MEGHALAYA: From the northeastern state of Meghalaya arises a sustainable silk fibre-the Eri silk. The Eri fabric predominantly uses a natural off-white colour and is woven by the Khasi tribe of Meghalaya. It is referred to as a sustainable fabric as it does not use any toxic chemicals. The art of weaving the fabric is passed down from one generation to another in the Khasi cultural tradition.


Bandhani is a traditional tie and dye technique used to create exquisite patterns. The word Bandhani is derived from the word "Bandhan" which means tying up. This art is famous in the states of Gujarat and Rajasthan. It had its origins in Gujarat in the Khatri community. The fabric comes in colours of violet, blue, green, yellow and black. The design is very unique, with a combination of dots and the fabric is first knotted and then dipped into the specific colours.


An off-white classic handloom textile that has its roots in Kerala, this textile tradition dates back over 200 years. These are handwoven and come in natural colour. This fabric is used to make the traditional attire of the state of Kerala. It is woven with gold zari or "Kasavu" and has a range of motifs, the common one being that of a tamarind leaf.


If there is one word that is synonymous with silk saris, then it is Kancheepuram. The saris woven out of pure mulberry silk thread often come with heavily ornate motifs and zari borders. This textile tradition dates back to 400 years and has its origin in the hamlet of Kancheepuram in Tamil Nadu. This fabric that comes in a plethora of colours is often regarded as the queen of fabrics in India.


Popularly called cashmere wool, Pashmina is the most exquisite textile in India. Noted for its regal grandeur, this utterly soft fabric which provides warmth has its roots in the valleys of Kashmir. It is made from the fleece of the mountain goat of the Himalayas. Completely handwoven and handspun, Pashmina is known for its fine craftsmanship.


The Chanderi fabric has its origins in the hamlet of Chanderi in Madhya Pradesh. A tradition that began in the 13th Century, the Chanderi fabric is famous for being lightweight. Since it is incredibly lightweight, it can be worn during hot weather.

Picture Credit : Google 

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