Category IT Business Tycoons

What made Mark Zuckerberg’s college years interesting?

Mark Zuckerberg’s college years were as exciting and innovative as his early life. He was known as a ‘programming prodigy’ at Harvard University, where he studied psychology and computer science. The idea of Facemash and Facebook developed during these years.

Facemash was a fun program that let students select the best looking person from a number of photos. The response for this program was overwhelming, but the college soon shut it down, as it was declared improper. Zuckerberg admitted this, and later apologized.

Prior to that, Zuckerberg had also created a few programs, including the ‘Course Match’ that enabled users to make decision on class selection, based on the choices of other students. It helped in forming study groups too.

At the start of 2004, Zuckerberg created Facebook, a platform for social networking. It is said that the famous site was created in a dorm room at Harvard, and was a platform only for students at the university to communicate with each other, through their accounts.

Zuckerberg did not complete his graduation, and dropped out of the university to focus on his project, which was turning to be successful. By 2004, Facebook was known to have around one million users. 

Why is it said that Mark Zuckerberg’s early years were remarkable?

Mark Zuckerberg was born on May 14th, 1984 in New York to dentist Edward Zuckerberg and psychiatrist Karen Kempner. He studied at the Ardsley High School, and the Philips Exeter Academy before college, where he was distinguished as a promising student.

It is said that Mark won prizes in maths, astronomy, physics and classical studies as a student, and was also fluent in languages including French, Hebrew, Latin and Ancient Greek.

He is known to have quoted lines from the Roman epic poem ‘Aeneid’ at Facebook product conference years later. He was the captain of the school fencing team too.

Mark’s acquaintance with computers was made when he was in middle school. He was taught the Atari BASIC programming at a very early stage, and was also given a tutor for computer studies. The tutor, David Newman, later said that Mark was a child prodigy.


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What made Mark Zuckerberg a world renowned figure?

        Mark Zuckerberg is an American programmer, and the Chairman, CEO, and co-founder of Facebook. Born on May 14, 1984 in New York, Zuckerberg founded the on February 4, 2004. He was a student at the Harvard University then. It is said that the idea of Facebook came from the Philips Exeter Academy, where he previously studied. The institution had its own student directory, which they referred to as the Facebook.

        Zuckerberg thus created a directory for Harvard, which enabled students to enter their own information and photos into a template. The response was huge, and soon, the founder’s roommate Dustin Moskovitz helped him add features, and make the site available to other campuses too.

         Through Facebook, the users could not only keep in touch with others, but also create attractive profiles, upload photos and videos too.

         The site in no time, started growing popular among Internet users in the US, and then expanded to the whole world. As of March 31, 2016, Facebook had more than 1.65 billion active users, making it the most popular social networking site.

          The success of Facebook turned Zuckerberg into a billionaire. Since 2010, he has been on the TIME Magazine’s list of the 100 Wealthiest People in the world. He was also in the Forbes list of the World’s Most Powerful People.

           Zuckerberg is also a philanthropist. He has donated millions for causes including education, and health. He founded the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative in 2015, and pledged to donate 99 per cent of their Facebook shares for various causes. 

Why is Orkut Buyukkokten ever remembered in history?

          The name Orkut Buyukkokten may perhaps bring back memories for a few, early users of the Internet. It reminds one of ‘Orkut’, a social media platform and the forerunner of networks like Facebook and Twitter.

          Orkut Buyukkokten is a Turkish software engineer who developed Orkut. Hailing from Turkey, Buyukkokten earned B.Sc. in Computer Engineering and Information Science from Bilkent University, Ankara. He then moved to the US and received an MS and PhD in Computer Science from Stanford.

          In 2001, Buyukkokten introduced the first college-specific social network Club Nexus for Stanford. It helped the users send emails, invitations, chat, post events, search for people etc. and in just a few months, attracted over 2000 students.

           Buyukkokten then introduced InCircle, an alumni social network for use by alumni groups. On January 24, 2004 he founded Orkut which was owned and operated by Google. On September 30, 2014, the parent company announced the shutdown of Orkut. In 2016, Buyukkokten launched yet another social media service called ‘Hello’.


What makes Dick Costolo a legend?

       Richard William Costolo, better known as Dick Costolo is an American Internet entrepreneur credited to have co-founded the web feed management provider ‘FeedBurner’. He was also the CEO of Twitter.

       Born on September 10th, 1963 in Michigan, Costolo joined the University of Michigan to complete a BS in computer and communication sciences. Upon course completion, he moved to Chicago to work in improvisational comedy. After that, Costolo left his career in comedy, and started a new one with computer technology. Before co-founding FeedBurner, Costolo had worked with many other companies.

       In 2004, along with Eric Lunt, Steve Olechowski, and Matt Shobe, he founded FeedBurner, a web feed management provider. Three years later, Google Inc. bought FeedBurner and Costolo joined the search giant, only to leave it in two years.

       He then joined Twitter as its Chief Operating Officer. In 2010, he became its CEO. 

Why is it said that Julian Assange was a hacker?

          Australian computer expert and journalist Julian Assange had a special interest in hacking even as a teenager.

          Hacking, as some of you might know, is an unauthorized or unpermitted intrusion into a computer, or its network.

         Around 1987, Assange used the hacking nickname ‘Mendax’ and infiltrated a number of secure systems, including those at NASA, Pentagon, and the Australian National University. This was done with the help of two other hackers, and together, they formed a group called the ‘International Subversives’. The intelligent programmer had also hacked into the master terminal of Nortel, a Canadian multinational telecommunications corporation.

         However, in 1994 Assange was charged with 31 cyber-related crimes by the Australian Federal Police. Luckily for him, there was only a small fine as punishment. After this incident, Assange travelled widely, and joined the University of Melbourne to study physics.

         He then worked as a computer security consultant.

         Years later, in 2006, Julian Assange was back to hacking with Wiki Leaks. Since then, the team has posted many politically important and controversial documents and messages on the site. Some of them were details about the US military, US wars, and the Afghanistan war logs.



Why is Julian Assange a renowned name in IT?

          An Australian computer programmer and journalist, Julian Assange is best known as the head of the media organization ‘Wiki Leaks’. It is a site that works to collect, and share confidential information about countries, or organizations on a large scale.

           Born on July 3rd, 1971 in Queensland, Australia, Julian Assange had a nomadic childhood, and lived in over 30 different towns in the country. He attended the Central Queensland University, and the University of Melbourne to study programming, mathematics and physics, but didn’t complete his graduation.

           In 2006, Assange launched the Wiki Leaks, sharing secret information and news leaks on an international scale. It included the details of the US military’s detention facility at the Guantanamo Bay in Cuba. Following the leaks, the US government launched a criminal investigation against Assange. He was also wanted by Sweden for cases registered in the country. Subsequently, Assange was provided asylum at the Ecuadorean embassy in London.

           With Wiki Leaks, Assange earned both supporters and enemies. But for sure, he has influenced masses. 

Why is Craig Newmark a known figure in IT?

     Craig Newmark is an entrepreneur and the founder of ‘Craigslist’. It is a website for classified advertisements on jobs, services, for-sale and wanted items, housing etc., founded in 1995. The entrepreneur is also the creator of Craig connects a site for publicizing charitable ventures.

     Born on December 6th, 1952, Newmark had a very humble beginning. His father died when Newmark was 13 and it was left to his mother to take care of the family. But a brilliant student that he was, Newmark completed his education with scholarships. Soon after, he joined IBM, and stayed there for 17 long years. It was in 1993 that Newmark got acquainted with the Internet.

     Two years later, he developed Craigslist as an email distribution list for friends to feature local events in his locality. The following year, it turned into a web-based service, and expanded into many other classified categories. By 2000, it spread across the US. Today, Craigslist covers 70 countries and has non-English versions. As of June 2016, the site had more than 20 billion page views every month. This success turned Newmark into a billionaire.


Why is it said that ‘YouTube’ is one amazing invention?

       As we know, YouTube was introduced as an online portal to share video files by three technology enthusiasts Steve Chen, Chad Hurley, and Jawed Karim in 2005. From this small video community, it grew to become the second largest online search engine right behind Google.

       Headquartered in San Bruno, California, YouTube enables users to upload, download, view, rate, share and comment on its videos. Users without accounts can indeed watch most of the video content for free. But there are exceptions, as in the case of subscription based premium channels. For watching their content, one needs to pay a fixed amount.

       The success of YouTube was such that by 2014, the site had 800 million users in a month. Besides, 300 hours of new videos were uploaded to the site every minute in 2014. Hence, it can be said without a doubt, that the invention of YouTube has changed the world of IT as well as entertainment. 

Why is Chad Hurley a legendary figure?

          When YouTube was first released a decade ago, little did people think that the site would revolutionize the way they viewed online content. For this radical change that it brought about, the world of IT stays forever indebted to Chad Hurley, one of its founders.

          Born on January 24, 1977, Chad Meredith Hurley worked with the PayPal division of eBay, before joining hands with his friends Steve Chen and Jawed Karim to create the video sharing website YouTube on February 14, 2005. Unlike innovators of his kind, Chad is a graduate in Fine Arts, from the Indiana University of Pennsylvania.

          History goes that the idea of YouTube was conceived after Chad and Chen found it difficult to share videos that were shot at a party, due to the massive file size. The friends wanted to find out something like Flickr, but ended up creating YouTube, which in a year, became the tenth most popular website in the world. It was also one of the fastest growing sites, with millions of viewers across the world. Chad served as the site’s CEO for a brief period.

          A year after its creation, the founders sold YouTube to Google Inc. for 1.65 billion dollars. In 2013, he and Chen launched a new company ‘Mix-Bit’ which works on video editing using smart phones.