Why is Madagascar a fascinating island?

Madagascar is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the east coast of Africa. Madagascar has been an isolated island for around 70 million years. This isolation led to the development of a unique flora and fauna.

            The plants and animals found here have evolved into some of the oddest forms found on Earth. Ninety per cent of Madagascar’s wildlife is found nowhere else in the world.

Among its extinct mammals were giant flightless birds and dwarf hippos. Madagascar however, is most famous for its lemurs. Lemurs range in size from 30g to 9 kg. The smallest species of lemur is known as Madame Berthe’s mouse lemur, or Berthe’s mouse lemur.

Madagascar is a biodiversity hotspot. Over ninety per cent of its wildlife is found nowhere else on Earth.