Why did Einstein’s family shift to Milan, Italy?

In 1894, Hermann and Jakob’s company lost a bid to supply electrical lighting to Munich city. This was because they didn’t have enough funds to convert their equipment from direct current (DC) to the more efficient alternating current (AC). Without the deal, they were forced to sell their factory in Munich and move to Italy in search of business. They first moved to Milan and then to Pavia. However, Einstein stayed back in Munich to complete his education at Luitpold Gymnasium.

He found it more difficult to cope with school after his family moved away. His attitude was so negative that a teacher suggested he leave. The teacher said that Albert’s presence adversely affected the other students. In December 1894 Einstein left the school and went to Pavia.

While in Italy, he penned the essay On the Investigation of the State of the Ether in a Magnetic Field. Einstein had always excelled in mathematics and physics and reached mathematical levels years ahead of his peers. At the age of twelve, Einstein had already discovered his own original proof of the Pythagorean Theorem and learned algebra and Euclidean geometry on his own.

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