The Romanovs were a great dynasty that ruled Russia for three centuries, right up to the Russian Revolution of 1917. The family took the surname Romanov to honour Roman Yurev, father of the first wife of Ivan the Terrible.

The Romanov era in Russia’s history began in 1613, as Mikhail Fedorovich of the family assumed power as the tsar. The last of the Romanov rulers was Nicholas II who was nicknamed Bloody, because thousands of people died in three revolutions that happened during his time.

During the Russian Revolution, the family of Nicholas II was caught and arrested, and the entire royal family was shot on the night of July 16-17, 1917. The relatives who were hiding in St. Petersburg were killed, too. That was the end of monarchy in Russia.

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