Who was Thomas Hunt Morgan?

Thomas Hunt Morgan was an eminent American zoologist and geneticist. In 1909, he had begun his study of Drosophila melanogaster, or the fruit fly.

He chose this particular insect for his study of genetics since it was cheap, and took up little room in his cramped laboratory.

       As a result of this research Morgan was able to determine the precise behavior and location of the genus responsible for mutations in these files.

     He theorized that genes are linearly arranged in the chromosomes. Morgan received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1933 for his discoveries on the role that the chromosome plays in heredity. Morgan’s work has played a key role in establishing the field of genetics.