Flowing northward through the tropical climate of eastern Africa and into the Mediterranean Sea, the Nile river is the longest river in the world at 4,135 miles (6,650 kilometers), according to the U.S. National Park Service.

The Nile runs through Egypt, as well as nine other African nations Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo. More than 300 million people depend on the Nile for their water supply and the irrigation of seasonal crops, according to the Council of Ministers of Water Affairs of the Nile Basin.

The Nile’s energy is harnessed by the Aswan High Dam, which was completed in 1970 and provides hydroelectricity and controls summer flooding. During the 1980s, the dam provided half of Egypt’s electricity, although that amount has decreased over the years and it currently contributes 20 percent of total energy generated in Egypt, according to NASA’s Earth Observatory.


Picture Credit : Google

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