When was the Roman republic established?

          The small city of Rome overthrew the shackles of monarchy and created a republican government that represented the wishes of its citizens. The Roman Republic was established around 510 BC, after the expulsion of King Tarquin. For the next five hundred years Rome was run as a republic.

          Power passed to the senate, a lawmaking body made up of nobles and headed by two senior officials called consuls. They were elected each year to manage the affairs of the Senate and the army.

          There was also an assembly composed of the common citizens of Rome. It had limited powers. The Assembly could vote to declare war, but the Senate could override them.

          Roman republic changed the way of life in Rome. It followed a policy of expansion and established many provinces. Each province was provided with military, and food. Later, the Roman republic faded away mainly because of internal politics.