Einstein received a paper from Indian scientist Satyendra Nath Bose in 1924. The paper was on a new perspective: to think of light as a gas filled with indistinguishable particles. Einstein recognized the relevance of the paper. He translated it to German and submitted it on behalf of Bose to the famous journal Zeitschrift fur Physik. Bose went to Europe and worked with Einstein at the X-ray and crystallography laboratories there.

Einstein worked with Bose to extend his idea to atoms and they predicted a new state of matter which came to be called the Bose-Einstein Condensate. A Bose-Einstein Condensate is a dense collection of particles with integer spin known as Bosons.

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