The Lakadong variety of turmeric grown in Meghalaya is drawing worldwide attention because of its high curcumin content. Curcumin is the pigment that gives turmeric its yellow colour and pungent smell. It has medicinal properties and is in demand in the pharmaceutical industry.

While most varieties of turmeric have a curcumin content of between 2% and 3%, the Lakadong variety has a curcumin content of about 7%. India is the world’s largest producer of turmeric. Most of our country’s turmeric is produced by Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and Tamil Nadu. The Lakadong variety which has high curcumin content is cultivated in a small region in East Jaintia Hills district.

Turmeric is a member of the ginger family. It is used to add flavour to food and in Ayurvedic medicine. It helps relieve arthritic pain and digestive problems. Its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties may help in treating cancers of the colon, skin and breast, and reduce incidence of Alzheimer’s disease and heart disease.

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