What is cubism?

Understanding Cubism

Breaking away from centuries of tradition, Cubism was the first movement to preset art as an expression of multiple viewpoints rather than a single viewpoint. The artists showed the object take on reality. As a result, in the final image, it became quite difficult to recognize the original subject anymore.

How it got its name?

It is called Cubism because the items represented in the artworks look like they are made out of cubes and other geometrical shapes.

The movement was conceived as ‘a new way of representing the world’, and assimilated outside influences, such as African art, as well as new theories on the nature of reality, such as Einstein’s Theory of Relativity.

How it began?

Artists Pablo Picasso and Georges Barque were pioneers of this style.

Cubism is often divided into two phases – the Analytic phase (1907-12), and the Synthetic phase (1913 through the 1920s). The initial phase attempted to show objects as the mind, not the eye, perceives them. Most of the paintings were in monochrome, putting the focus only on the shapes and forms.

Picasso started adding colours to the Cubism style, giving birth to Synthetic Cubism. The Synthetic phase featured works that were composed of fewer and simpler form, in brighter colours.

Other major exponents of Cubism included Robert Delaunay, Francis Picabia, Jean Metzinger, Marcel Duchamp and Fernand Leger.


Picture Credit : Google