What does the term ‘ecological agriculture’ mean?

A lot of things that are commonly used in commercial farming are prohibited in ecological agriculture. In ecological agriculture, fields are not sprayed with chemical pesticides, and artificial fertilizers are not added to the soil. Animals are raised in ways appropriate for maintaining the health of the species. For example, hens are not crammed inside cages for their entire lives. They mostly feed on grains grown organically. Moreover, all animals are fed with ‘organic food’. All these measures require a lot of space and time to be completely successful. Hence, organic products are mostly expensive.