What are latitudes?

Latitudes are imaginary lines between the equator and the poles which run parallel to the equator and divide the surface of the Earth into parallel segments. Latitudes are also called “Parallels” or “Parallels of Latitude” e.g. 20 degrees latitude.





What are longitudes?

Longitudes are imaginary-lines through the geographic poles which run circumferentially and intersect the surface of the Earth dividing it into segments e.g.  20 degree w longitudes. (For example, if the Earth is imagined as an orange, the longitudes would divide it into its natural “slices”). Longitudes are also called “Meridians” or “Meridians of longitude”. The  zero degree meridians is also called the “Greenwich” meridian since it passes through the town of Greenwich in England.