Story of Flight – Passenger Vehicle


The first passenger airlines were formed in 1919, just after the end of World War I. Their airliners were converted wartime bombers, such as the Farman Goliath, which had seats for 11 passengers. Flying in them was cold and bumpy, and there was noise and vibration from the piston engines. In the 1920s and 1930s aviation engineers began building in metal instead of wood, creating aircraft with strong tubular fuselages and monoplane wings, such as the Martin B-10 bomber.

The first modern-style airliners, such as the Douglas DC-3, appeared in the mid-1930s. During World War II pilots needed heavy bombers, such as the B-24 Liberator, and fast fighters, such as the Ilyushin II-2.

In 1926 a prize of $25,000 was offered to the first pilot who could fly non-stop from New York to Paris. American airmail pilot Charles Lindbergh took up the challenge. He had a new, all-metal monoplane, the Spirit of St. Louis, built especially for the journey, and decided to fly on his own. Lindbergh took off from New York on 19th May 1927. Navigating virtually by guesswork, flying low to avoid fog and fighting sleep, Lindbergh reached Paris 33 hours and 30 minutes later, to achieve the first solo Atlantic crossing.

Picture Credit : Google