How do roots help plants?

Roots absorb water and the dissolved nutrient salts from the soil. They also store the nutrients as a reserve that the plant can survive on, when the soil dries up. The roots also anchor the plant firmly in the soil to safeguard against uprooting due to wind and bad weather. Roots change shape and adapt depending on their environment. Shallow-rooted plants, such as spruces, can hold their ground even at places where the soil cover is very thin. Plants such as pine trees, whose tap root grows deep in the ground, are found at places where water is available at great depths inside the earth.