How do plants reproduce?

Plants reproduce in a variety of ways. Many species build side shoots, from which new plants grow. Plants like mosses and ferns reproduce with the help of spores, which are distributed by the wind and grow to become new plants. ‘Higher plants’ or the seed plants with male and female sexual organs have stamens with pollen and the stigma. The male pollen sticks to the stigma and is passed on to the egg cell in the ovary. A fertilized egg ripens to become a fruit, which contains the seeds. The seeds can be dispersed widely through wind or through animals who eat the fruits and discard the seeds.