What is meaning of term ‘Stem cell therapy’?

What is meaning of term ‘Stem cell therapy’?

Stem cell therapy is therapy through cells. In this novel therapeutic approach, cells are administered directly into the body. Single cells are used for this purpose. But what are stem cells? Stem cells are the raw materials of the body, cells from which all the other cells develop. The stem cells divide and form cells that are called daughter cells. Now these daughter cells either become new stem cells or turn into specialised cells that undergo specific functions. They can turn into blood cells, bone cells, brain cells and so on. Stem cell therapy involves guiding the stem cells to turn them into cells doing specific functions. These cells can be used in patients whose tissues are affected or damaged by disease. So these stem cells are turned into specific cells and they repair the damaged tissues. Stem cell therapy is widely used in treating Parkinson’s disease. Alzheimer’s disease, type 1 diabetes, burns, heart disease, cancer and so on.

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