How did the Ukrainian People’s Republic form? How did Ukraine end up in the U.S.S.R?

Right after the February Revolution in Russia, a new country was formed in the Ukrainian region, called the Ukrainian People’s Republic or the Ukrainian National Republic (UNR). It functioned as an autonomous republic at first, in the Russian Republic, and elected a Central Council composed of socialist parties. However, its relations with Russia started to change after the October Revolution, when the Bolshevik government made aggressive moves against Ukraine. It declared its independence on 25th January, 1918. For a short period the UNR became an ally of the Second Polish Republic, but the Bolsheviks took over many of its territories in November 1921. The state was then forced to sign the Peace Treaty of Riga, which made the Ukrainian Republic one of the founding members of the Soviet Union.

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